A Year of Uprising: Retrospective on 2018

Demonstrators in Port-au-Prince on Nov. 18. 2018 has been dominated by a popular uprising in Haiti against corruption, particularly in the case of the PetroCaribe Fund. Now demonstrators want Pres. Jovenel Moïses resignation. Credit: Reuters

If last year’s hallmark in Haiti was corruption, this year’s is an uprising against it.

Large demonstrations began in the late summer with millions taking to the streets in cities and towns across Haiti to demand transparency and trials for the plundering of an estimated $3.8 billion in funds from the PetroCaribe account, a solidarity fund established by Venezuela to finance projects benefitting the Haitian people, like schools, hospitals, clinics, and roads.

the protests’ principal call has morphed into a demand for Jovenel Moïse’s resignation and an overhaul of the Haitian state.

But by the end of the year, the protests’ principal call has morphed into a demand for Pres. Jovenel Moïse’s resignation and an overhaul of the Haitian state.

Historically, such mobilizations tend to slow during December, only to resume with renewed vigor in the new year. The broad and deep discontent with the regime’s corruption and double-talk in the face of growing economic crisis, inflation, and poverty suggest that this pattern will repeat itself.

However, the opposition is weaker and more divided than ever, with no clear, undisputed leadership in sight. Nonetheless, progressive forces are acutely aware of this void and are working feverishly, with extremely limited resources, to build a new party that can act as a vanguard.

Meanwhile, in the U.S., Haitians have mobilized in response to Pres. Donald Trump’s “shithole” remarks in January, as well as his cut-off of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) for some 50,000 Haitians.

The following is a brief review of significant dates in Haiti and its diaspora from the past 12 months.

Emerante de Pradines Morse: artist, educator, and social visionary.

Jan. 4, 2018:
After a brief illness, legendary singer and educator Emerante de Pradines Morse, 99, dies in Port-au-Prince.

Jan. 11, 2018:
In a meeting to negotiate immigration quotas with Congressional leaders, Pres. Donald Trump refers to Haiti, among other countries, as a “shithole,” provoking the ire of Haitians worldwide.

Jan. 13, 2018:
In response to Trump’s racist remarks, dozens of activists from the New York metro area meet at Haïti Liberté newspaper in Brooklyn to form the 1804 Movement for All Immigrants coalition.

Jan. 15, 2018:
Some 12,000 Haitians and their supporters rally in New York’s Times Square to denounce Trump’s racist and anti-immigrant remarks and policies.

Hundreds of Haitians and their supporters marched across the Brooklyn Bridge on a bitterly cold Friday morning to denounce Trump’s racism. Credit: Kim Ives/Haïti Liberté

Jan. 19, 2018:
Hundreds of Haitians and their supporters march from Brooklyn’s Grand Army Plaza, across the Brooklyn Bridge, to the Trump Building at Manhattan’s 40 Wall Street, where they denounce the racist U.S. president in a spirited rally.

Jan. 24, 2018:
In Maryland’s U.S. District Court, the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund sues the U.S. government in an effort to stop the Department of Homeland Security’s November 2017 decision to rescind Haitians’ TPS, which officially ends on Jul. 22, 2019.

Jan. 26, 2018:
Pres. Jovenel Moïse with his wife and three kids travel to Rome, Italy to meet with Pope Francis at the Vatican.

In the wake of the sex scandal, Oxfam’s chief executive Mark Goldring has not resigned but said: “We apologize unreservedly.” Credit: Russell Sach

Feb. 8, 2018:
The British daily The Times reveals, in a long exposé, that the Oxfam’s employees in Haiti in 2011 had used one of the British NGO’s guest houses to hold “Caligula”-style orgies with “half naked” prostitutes.

Feb. 12, 2018:
Downtown Port-au-Prince’s Hyppolite Market, also known as the Iron Market, is burned by vandals, destroying the wares and livelihood of thousands of small merchants with stalls there.

Feb. 20, 2018:
The murder of a Haitian couple in the southwestern Dominican town of Pédernales ignites days of violence there and in the neighboring Haitian town of Anse à Pitres.

Feb. 20-25, 2018:
International Monetary Fund (IMF) delegation visits Haiti to pressure for a series of austerity measures.

Anbasadè Meriken an Michele Jeanne Sison, lè l t ap prezante lèt kreyans li bay prezidan Ayisyen an Jovenel Moise

Feb. 21, 2018:
Michele Jeanne Sison becomes the U.S. Ambassador to Haiti.

Feb. 26-27, 2018:
The regional organization CARICOM holds its 29th annual meeting of Caribbean heads of state in Port-au-Prince.

Feb. 26, 2018:
After lawsuits concerning the Haitian government’s embezzlement of PetroCaribe funds are filed, Susan D. Page, the head of the United Nations Mission to Support Justice in Haiti (MINUJUSTH) salutes “the struggle against corruption and impunity,” sparking a public feud with Pres. Jovenel Moïse. It eventually ends in her replacement by Mamadou Diallo in May.

Mar. 5, 2018:
Haitian officials announce that the IMF has dictated the elimination of government price supports to the state power authority, Electricity of Haiti (EDH).

Mar. 8, 2018:
Former Haitian senator Rudolph Henry Boulos is found guilty of poisoning dozens of Haitian children in 1996 with medicine from his Pharval Laboratories. He’s sentenced to six months in jail and a fine of three million gourdes.

Vladjimir Legagneur

Mar. 14, 2018:
Journalist Vladjimir Legagneur disappears after investigating a November 2017 police massacre in Port-au-Prince’s Grand Ravine neighborhood. In April, the Haitian police confirm his death after several demonstrations demand to know his fate.

Mar. 15, 2018:
Haïti Liberté, FANM, and ten TPS-holding Haitians sue Pres. Donald Trump for illegally and arbitrarily ending TPS for some 50,000 Haitians.

Mar. 28, 2018:
To appease and divert popular anger, the Haitian government launches an ill-fated attempt at “national dialogue” with a Pilotage Committee and Technical Secretariat for the Organization of the Sectorial General States (CPSTOEGS). Numerous people are shocked to be named to the committee or pull out after public outrage, including intellectual Claude Moïse, Archbishop Louis Kébreau, and politician Evans Paul.

On Apr. 10, the UN Security Council voted to renew the MINUJUSTH for one more year, but, for the first time in 14 years of Haiti “peace-keeping” resolutions, Russia and China abstained. Credit: UN Photo

Apr. 10, 2018:
For the first time, China and Russia abstain from the Security Council vote renewing the one-year mandate of the MINUJUSTH, auguring trouble for the occupation force’s renewal in 2019.

Apr. 13-14, 2018:
Pres. Jovenel Moïse attends the 8th Summit of the Americas in Lima, Peru. Significantly, he abstains from voting for a U.S.-sponsored resolution condemning Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro’s government.

Apr. 28, 2018:
In Cap Haïtien, journalist Jacques Dubois dies and many are injured after police create pandemonium by firing teargas into an auditorium where Senators Youri Latortue and Jacques Sauveur Jean are talking about the PetroCaribe issue.

May 1, 2018:
Hundreds of workers take to the streets to demand a daily minimum wage of 1000 gourdes ($12.94).

May 7, 2018:
At Port-au-Prince’s Karibe Hotel, Pres. Jovenel Moïse is booed by the audience at the 1st International Forum of Haiti’s Elected Women.

May 9, 2018:
The Haitian government announces that, as demanded by the IMF, it will cut its price supports to gasoline, diesel, and kerosene. Government thugs threaten and repress student demonstrators who protest on May 11 against the pending fuel price hikes, demanding where PetroCaribe, phone tax, and earthquake relief monies went.

Demonstrators rallying in front of the White House on Pennsylvania Avenue as the press and tourists take pictures and videos. Credit: Kim Ives/Haïti Liberté

May 19, 2018:
In Washington, DC, the 1804 Movement for All Immigrants rallies Haitians and their supporters for a demonstration in front of the White House to denounce Pres. Trump’s “shithole” statement and TPS cut-off.

May 20,2018:
Haiti abstains from U.S.-sponsored vote at the Organization of American States (OAS) to condemn Venezuela.

President Jovenel Moïse with ROC president Tsai Ing-wen reviewing Taiwanese troops on May 29.

May 26 – Jun. 1, 2018:
Pres. Jovenel Moïse leads a 30-member delegation on a “state visit” to Taiwan (the so-called “Republic of China”). Moïse is looking for money, Taiwan for diplomatic recognition, which is dwindling worldwide, down to only 16 nations.

Jun. 11, 2018:
Police repress a demonstration of over 1,000 assembly industry workers demanding a $15 (1000 gourdes) minimum daily wage. Meanwhile, vandals burn down Port-au-Prince’s Marché du Port, again destroying the wares and livelihoods of small merchants.

Woodly Ethéart alias Sonson La Famillia et Renel Nelfort, dit Renel Le récif

Jun.13, 2018:
The Haitian Supreme Court annuls a 2015 ruling which freed accused drug-dealers Woodly Ethéart (Sonson la Familia) and Rénel Nelfort (le Récif), ordering them back to jail and to be retried.

Jul. 4, 2018:
In Port-au-Prince’s suburb of Pèlerin 5, the government begins illegally bulldozing seven houses near the home of Pres. Jovenel Moïse, provoking outcry.

From Jul. 6-8, 2018, Haiti exploded in an uprising that caused some 20 deaths and damaged about 80 businesses.

Jul. 6-8, 2018:
Tens of thousands of Haitians demonstrate across Haiti, burning cars and stores, to protest IMF-dictated fuel price hikes.

Jul. 9-10, 2018:
Following three days of fierce demonstrations, Haitians stage a two-day general strike, which left streets in major cities empty of traffic.

Jul. 14, 2018:
Just before a Parliamentary no-confidence vote following the previous week’s protests, Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant resigns.

Haitian President Jovenel Moïse (left) nominated two-time presidential candidate Jean-Henry Céant to be his next prime minister.

Aug. 5, 2018:
Pres. Jovenel Moïse nominates former presidential candidate and notaire Jean Henry Céant to be Prime Minister.

Aug. 14, 2018:
Jean Yves Blot is ousted as the Rector of Haiti’s State University after a year of protests by students for his running over student John Rock Gourgueder in 2017.

Sep. 2 & 4, 2018:
The first two major demonstrations demanding transparency about how PetroCaribe funds were spent take place in Port-au-Prince’s Delmas and Cité Soleil respectively. They are followed by similar demonstrations in Montreal, New York, Miami, and other cities where Haitians live abroad.

Sep. 14, 2018:
Jean Henry Céant is ratified by both houses of Haiti’s parliament.

Sep. 27, 2018:
Pres. Jovenel Moïse addresses the UN General Assembly, unexpectedly omitting any mention of Taiwan and criticizing the IMF’s austerity dictates and the UN’s impunity for introducing cholera into Haiti.

A collapsed school in Gros Morne after Haiti’s Oct. 6, 2018 5.9 magnitude earthquake. Some 112,000 houses were destroyed and almost 16,000 damaged in three departments.

Oct. 6, 2018:
A 5.9 magnitude earthquake strikes near Port-de-Paix, causing 18 deaths, hundreds of injured, and damage to over 100,000 buildings in Haiti’s north and northwest.

Oct. 8, 2018:
The government raises the daily minimum wage in seven different employment categories. For assembly workers, it goes from 350 gourdes to only 420 gourdes ($5.42) instead of the 1000 gourdes demanded by workers in many demonstrations.

Mobilisation populaire et citoyenne du 17 octobre 2018 exige que les 3.8 milliards de dollars des fonds PétroCaribe, d’aide Vénézuélienne à Haïti, soient restitués au peuple et utilisés au développement du pays.

Oct. 17, 2018:
On the anniversary of founding father Jean-Jacques Dessalines’ assassination, a massive demonstrations demanding PetroCaribe justice and Pres. Jovenel Moïse’s resignation rock all corners of Haiti.

Oct. 29, 2018:
Pres. Jovenel Moïse is booed when addressing the first Congress of the Federation of Haiti’s Mayors (FENAMH) in Port-au-Prince.


On Oct. 31, mourners trying to rub tear-gas from their eyes before fleeing the funeral for six of seven demonstrators killed on Oct. 17.

Oct. 31, 2018:
Police tear-gas mourners at the funeral for seven protestors police killed on Oct. 17, sparking a demonstration.

Nov. 12, 2018:
Through a ruling by U.S. Judge Edward Chen, Haitians’ TPS is effectively extended from July 2019 to January, and possibly September, 2020.

Un Rapport publié par l’organisation des droits humains, la fondation « Je klere » révèle que plus de 15 personnes ont été tuées dans le cadre d’un affrontement entre gangs armés dans ce grand bidonville au Nord Ouest de la capitale.

Nov. 13, 2018:
In an attempt to terrorize and intimidate, government-aligned gangs kill at least 59 people, leaving their mutilated bodies in the streets, rape seven women, and burn 150 houses during attacks in Port-au-Prince’s La Saline slum.

Nov. 18-20, 2018:
On the anniversary of the Battle of Vertières, giant demonstrations take place around Haiti demanding PetroCaribe justice and Jovenel Moïses’ resignation. They are followed by two days of general strike.

Nov. 24, 2018:
Eight people are killed, including four customs agents, during a violent confrontation at the Haitian border town of Malpasse.

Dec. 17, 2018:
Pres. Jovenel Moïse appoints controversial lawyer Claudy Gassant to head the government’s Unit for the Fight Against Corruption (ULCC).

Radio Kiskeya was destroyed by a fire which spread from a neighboring house on Dec. 21.

Dec. 21, 2018:
Fire destroys Radio Kiskeya in Port-au-Prince’s Bois Verna neighborhood.

Dec. 21-22, 2018:
In the northern town of Limbé, three people are killed and six houses burned during an apparent political dispute surrounding a government-aligned deputy.

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