Tao Te Ching Richard Wilhelm Pdf 29
Tao Te Ching Richard Wilhelm Pdf 29
in 1924, he delivered a special lecture on the i ching in germany. in 1930, he published his masterpiece in german, die gesammelten schriften von dr. richard wilhem and it was later translated into many languages. he died on september 29, 1938, in tbingen.
in 1898, she suggested he should try his luck in the german colony of china and soon he became a member of the german colony in zhenjiang. that year, he met his translator, student of classics in china, li deqin. li deqin, the future charles luk, translated the fydhich guide into german.
the original form of the i ching dates from the shang dynasty of the eighteenth to the fifteenth century before christ; it has been handed down as a secret teaching on magical operations to a secret school of taoism. it is a complex system of signs, consisting of 64 images, that represent statements or hexagrams. the statements or hexagrams are subdivided into classes of six, under each of which there is a second class of six, to be divided and subdivided, and so on to the sixteenth stage of six, thus completing a 64-sided image. this image, in turn, is to be subdivided into six squares (of which only four may be used in actual divination). the 64 images themselves are the delphic messages that the oracle is supposed to reveal. it is for this reason that the text is called the book of changes, or i ching or book of change. this is, however, not the only name by which it is known.
wilhelm has shown that the i ching is in reality a system of hexagrams that have been given a numerical value according to the number of lines, spaces and minor lines (the latter dividing two lines into three parts) that exist in a hexagram. in this way, it becomes possible to speak of the first hexagram as “a three-line hexagram”, or a 4-line hexagram, and so on. the hexagrams come in four systems: the 28-system, the 64-system, the 72-system, and the eight patterns. in total, there are 256 hexagrams, and the text of the book of changes, that is, the i ching, consists of the 64 hexagrams.
the sun is trapped in the mountain by spiritual forces. one can oppose it with spiritual force and release it by spiritual force, so that it may shine upon the nation and its people. in the case of conflict between the spiritual and the physical life, the best means is certainly to turn it to spiritual force. here we see the purpose of spiritual force, which is to make matters clear and manifest and to make manifest what is hidden and secret. thus the sun is employed in bringing about the dawn. it is not the purpose of the sun to produce heat. it is only to make a manifestation of heat. it is therefore bound to be a force of light, that is, of knowledge, and this is the knowledge of the day’s actualities. it can come about only in the present. to know the present of the day must be the first task of those engaged in spiritual force. such knowledge can easily be attained through nowness.
under the heading of “the book of changes,” there is a chapter in the 1940 chinese language shiji entitled “the book of changes and of fate.” this chapter describes a method of divination with reference to the hexagrams in the i ching. the process may be briefly summarized as follows: 1. the hexagram must be open, for if it is closed it represents nothing. a concealed hexagram is nothing, for the meaning of the hexagram is already known. if the hexagram is concealed in some way it must be disclosed by an act of force. one must thus know where and when the hexagram is hidden. 2. the hexagram is then emptied of all thoughts and thoughts only have their meaning when they are expressed. the first act is to discard any preconceptions, thus discarding all of the thoughts and concepts of a given hexagram. 3. this is followed by the reading of the hexagram from the top to the bottom. at this time all thoughts are to be taken out. 4. then the hexagram is closed again. 5. at this point a question is asked relating to the content of the open hexagram. the question may be “in what way does the hexagram appear in this situation?” or it may be “is the hexagram of such a character that it is capable of possessing me?” these two questions relate to the mental capacity of the questioner. the questioner must choose wisely so that the hexagram will answer his question. 6. the next step is to read the hexagram from the bottom up. the question is “what is it like to carry out the hexagram?” this question relates to the act which was done at the bottom of the hexagram. thus, the answer to the question shows the character of the act. 7.